Wisdom Tooth

tooth

Мы начинаем публикацию афоризмов и изречений из коллекции профессора Жанны Генриховны Аванесян, декана факультета лингвистики и межкультурной коммуникации Московского Государственного Открытого Университета. Мы уверены, что этот материал будет неоценимым подспорьем для студентов и преподавателей "юридического" английского. Это и темы для сочинений и докладов, и эпиграфы к выступлениям, и пища для размышлений. Цитаты сгруппированы по темам в соответствии с уроками из учебника Just English. Английский для Юристов. Базовый курс что облегчает их использование в учебном процесе.

             The Need For Law

             Crime and Criminals

             Punishment

             Justice

             Jury

             Police

THE NEED FOR LAW

The law is light.
             The Bible

Fish die when they are out of water, and people die without law and order.
             The Talmud BC 500?-400? AD, Jewish Archive of Oral Tradition

The law is reason, free from passion.
             Aristotle BC 384-322, Greek Philosopher

Laws are not invented. They grow out of circumstances.
             Azarias

Laws are not masters, but servants, and he rules them, who obeys them.
             Ward Becker

Laws, like houses, lean on one another.
             Edmund Burke 1729-1797, British Political Writer, Statesman

The good of the people is the greatest law.
             Marcus T. Cicero c. 106-43 BC, Great Roman Orator, Politician

When men are pure, laws are useless; when men are corrupt, laws are broken.
             Benjamin Disraeli 1804-1881, British Statesman, Prime Minister

Where the law ends tyranny begins.
             Henry Fielding 1707-1754, British Novelist, Dramatist

Laws too gentle, are seldom obeyed; too severe, seldom executed.
             Benjamin Franklin 1706-1790, American Scientist, Publisher, Diplomat

The English laws punish vice; the Chinese laws do more, they reward virtue.
             Oliver Goldsmith 1728-1774, Anglo-Irish Author, Poet, Playwright

Certainly one of the highest duties of the citizen is a scrupulous obedience to the laws of the nation. But it is not the highest duty.
             Thomas Jefferson 1743-1826, Third President of the USA

Law and order exist for the purpose of establishing justice and when they fail in this purpose they become the dangerously structured dams that block the flow of social progress.
             Martin Luther King Jr. 1929-1968, American Black Leader, Nobel Prize Winner, 1964

Laws are the sovereigns of sovereigns.
             Louis XIV 1638-1715, King of France from 1643-1715

There is no nation so powerful, as the one that obeys its laws not from principals of fear or reason, but from passion.
             Charles De Montesquieu 1689-1755, French Jurist, Political Philosopher

It is difficult to make our material condition better by the best law, but it is easy enough to ruin it by bad laws.
             Theodore Roosevelt 1858-1919, Twenty-sixth President of the USA

CRIME AND CRIMINALS

"Every rascal is not a thief, but every thief is a rascal."
             Aristotle BC 384-322, Greek Philosopher

"The infectiousness of crime is like that of the plague."
             Napoleon Bonaparte 1769-1821, French General, Emperor

"Crime is terribly revealing. Try and vary your methods as you will, your tastes, your habits, your attitude of mind, and your soul is revealed by your actions."
             Agatha Christie 1891-1976, British Mystery Writer

"Successful crimes alone are justified."
             John Dryden 1631-1700, British Poet, Dramatist, Critic

"Commit a crime, and the earth is made of glass."
             Ralph Waldo Emerson 1803-1882, American Poet, Essayist

"Crime generally punishes itself."
             Oliver Goldsmith 1728-1774, Anglo-Irish Author, Poet, Playwright

"Every society gets the kind of criminal it deserves. What is also true is that every community gets the kind of law enforcement it insists on."
             John F. Kennedy 1917-1963, Thirty-fifth President of the USA

"If poverty is the mother of crime, lack of good sense is the father."
             Jean De La Bruyere 1645-1696, French Write

PUNISHMENT

Punishment is justice for the unjust.
             St. Augustine 354-430, Numidian-born Bishop of Hippo, Theologian

The generality of men are naturally apt to be swayed by fear rather than reverence, and to refrain from evil rather because of the punishment that it brings than because of its own foulness.
             Aristotle BC 384-322, Greek Philosopher

I should be very willing to redress men wrongs, and rather check than punish crimes, had not Cervantes, in that all too true tale of Quixote, shown how all such efforts fail.
             Lord Byron 1788-1824, British Poet

Retaliation is related to nature and instinct, not to law. Law, by definition, cannot obey the same rules as nature.
             Albert Camus 1913-1960, French Existential Writer

Let the punishment be proportionate to the offense.
             Marcus T. Cicero c. 106-43 BC, Great Roman Orator, Politician

In its function, the power to punish is not essentially different from that of curing or educating.
             Michel Foucault 1926-1984, French Essayist, Philosopher

Corporal punishment is as humiliating for him who gives it as for him who receives it; it is ineffective besides. Neither shame nor physical pain have any other effect than a hardening one.
             Ellen Key 1849-1926, Swedish Author, Feminist

All in all, punishment hardens and renders people more insensible; it concentrates; it increases the feeling of estrangement; it strengthens the power of resistance.
             Friedrich Nietzsche 1844-1900, German Philosopher

Every guilty person is his own hangman.
             Seneca 4 B.C. - 65 A.D., Spanish-born Roman Statesman, philosopher

The first and greatest punishment of the sinner is the conscience of sin.
             Seneca

There is no person so severely punished, as those who subject themselves to the whip of their own remorse.
             Seneca

It is the crime not the scaffold which is the disgrace.
             Pierre Corneille 1606-1684, French Dramatist

Punishment is the last and the least effective instrument in the hands of the legislator for the prevention of crime.
             John Ruskin 1819-1900, British Critic, Social Theorist

And where the offence is, let the great axe fall.
             William Shakespeare 1564-1616, British Poet, Playwright, Actor

If he who breaks the law is not punished, he who obeys it is cheated. This, and this alone, is why lawbreakers ought to be punished: to authenticate as good, and to encourage as useful, law-abiding behavior. The aim of criminal law cannot be correction or deterrence; it can only be the maintenance of the legal order.
             Thomas Szasz 1920-, American Psychiatrist

The punishment of criminals should serve a purpose. When a man is hanged he is useless.
             Voltaire 1694-1778, French Historian, Writer

JUSTICE

Justice is truth in action.
             Benjamin Disraeli 1804-1881, British Statesman, Prime Minister

Nothing is to be preferred before justice.
             Socrates BC 469-399, Greek Philosopher of Athens

The virtue of justice consists in moderation, as regulated by wisdom.
             Aristotle BC 384-322, Greek Philosopher

Justice is better than chivalry if we cannot have both.
             Alice Stone Blackwell 1857-1950, American suffrage Writer and Journalist

The essence of justice is mercy.
             Edwin Hubbel Chapin 1814-1880, American Author, Clergyman

The whole history of the world is summed up in the fact that, when nations are strong, they are not always just, and when they wish to be just, they are no longer strong.
             Winston Churchill 1874-1965, British Statesman, Prime Minister

Justice consists of doing no one injury, decency in giving no one offense.
             Marcus T. Cicero c. 106-43 BC, Great Roman Orator, Politician

The foundation of justice is good faith.
             Marcus T. Cicero c. 106-43 BC, Great Roman Orator, Politician

There is no such thing as justice, in or out of court.
             Clarence Darrow 1857-1938, American Lawyer

Sentences are like sharp nails, which force truth upon our memories.
             Denis Diderot 1713-1784, French Philosopher

Justice is incidental to law and order.
             J. Edgar Hoover 1895-1972, American Public Servant

Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere.
             Martin Luther King Jr. 1929-1968, American Black Leader, Nobel Prize Winner, 1964

The probability that we may fail in the struggle ought not to deter us from the support of a cause we believe to be just.
             Abraham Lincoln 1809-1865, Sixteenth President of the USA

Time is the justice that examines all offenders. [As You Like It]
             William Shakespeare 1564-1616, British Poet, Playwright, Actor

JURY

A jury consists of twelve persons chosen to decide who has the better lawyer.
             Robert Frost

Jury: a group of twelve men who, having lied to the judge about their hearing, health and business engagements, have failed to fool him.
             H.L. Mencken

When you go into court you are putting your fate into the hands of twelve people who weren't smart enough to get out of jury duty.
             Norm Crosby

We have a criminal jury system which is superior to any in the world; and its efficiency is only marred by the difficulty of finding twelve men every day who don't know anything and can't read.
             Mark Twain

The penalty for laughing in a courtroom is six months in jail; if it were not for this penalty, the jury would never hear the evidence.
             H. L. Mencken

POLICE

We live in an age when pizza gets to your home before the police.
             Jeff Marder

Follow your inclinations with due regard to the policeman round the corner.
             W. Somerset Maugham (1874 - 1965), 'Of Human Bondage'

I never write "Metropolis" for seven cents because I can get the same price for "city". I never write "policeman" because I can get the same money for "cop".
             Mark Twain (1835 - 1910)

Police - An armed force for protection and participation.
             Ambrose Bierce (1842 - 1914), The Devil's Dictionary

Every kind of peaceful cooperation among men is primarily based on mutual trust and only secondarily on institutions such as courts of justice and police.
             Albert Einstein (1879 - 1955)

Confronted with the choice, the American people would choose the policeman's truncheon over the anarchist's bomb.
             Spiro T. Agnew

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