FACULTY OF SPEECH -- ДАР РЕЧИ

dictionary

Для настоящего профессионала крайне важно умение правильно и грамотно оформить свои мысли, как в устной, так и в письменной форме. Приведенные ниже цитаты, выражения и фигуры речи помогут будущим светилам мировой дипломатии и юриспруденции приобрести навыки искусного письма и риторики.

А также читайте и участвуйте:

TIPS FOR GREAT SPEECHES
HOW TO DELIVER A SUPER SPEECH
HOW LONG SHOULD A SPEECH BE?
INTRODUCTION AND CONCLUSION
TELL STORIES!
WIT CONTEST
OSCAR WILDE'S WIT
LAW QUOTES
WISDOM TOOTH
QUOTATION LINKS

"SPEECH"

able speech - талантливая речь
arresting speech - захватывающая речь
articulate speech- членораздельная речь
emotional speech - темпераментная речь
feeling speech - прочувствованная речь
impressive speech - яркая речь
inspiring speech - вдохновляющая /зажигательная/ речь
complimentary speech - приветственная речь
persuasive speech - убедительная речь
wanton speech - витиеватая речь; безудержное красноречие
clumsy speech - нескладная речь
colourless speech - бледная /бесцветная/ речь
concluding speech - заключительная речь
philippic oration - обличительная речь
plain language - прямая /откровенная/ речь
set speech - заранее подготовленная речь
a bookish way of speaking - книжная речь
smooth words - сладкие речи
powerful speech - яркая /впечатляющая/ речь
weighty speech - важная, содержательная речь
rhetorical effort - речь, построенная по всем правилам ораторского искусства
fiery speeches - пламенные /зажигательные/ речи
verbal diarrhea -словесный понос, недержание речи; болтливость, разглагольствование
a speech worthy of the occasion - речь, подобающая случаю

***

faculty of speech - дар речи
to deliver a speech - произнести речь
to address a meeting - выступать с речью на собрании; обратиться к собравшимся
to close a speech - заключить речь /выступление/
he accompanied his speech with gestures - он сопровождал свою речь жестикуляцией
architecture of speech - строй /построение/ речи
words to befit the occasion - речь, приличествующая случаю
long words beloved of bureaucrats - длинные речи, милые сердцу бюрократов
brevity of speech - краткость речи
to burst into angry words - разразиться гневной речью, раскричаться
to chew smb.'s ear off - амер. сл. доконать кого-л. длинной речью, нотацией
your speech came across very well - ваша речь произвела большое впечатление
when it comes to… - когда речь идёт о...
the composition of speech - построение речи
where laws are concerned - когда речь, идёт о законах
he concluded his address with a poem - он закончил свою речь стихами
the conclusion of a speech - заключительная часть /окончание/ речи
a speech devised to impress - речь, рассчитанная на (внешний) эффект
man is distinguished from the animals by the gift of speech - человек отличается от животных даром речи
the drift of a speech - скрытый смысл речи
the speech aroused strong feeling on all sides - речь глубоко взволновала всех присутствующих
his speech was marked by felicities - его речь отличалась яркими и удачными оборотами
the gift of the gab - бойкость речи
to gabble (off) a speech - отбарабанить речь
the speech has no guts in it - его речь неубедительна
impassioned speech - страстная /взволнованная/ речь
his speech invigorates the audience - его речь вдохновляет /воодушевляет/
what she said was music to my ears - её речи /слова/ звучали для меня как музыка
his speech was peppered with jokes - он пересыпал свою речь шутками
points in a speech - пункты речи /выступления/
he pointed everything he said with good examples - он иллюстрировал свою речь яркими примерами
speech thick-sown with proverbs - речь, изобилующая поговорками
complimentary salutation at the beginning of the speech - в начале речи он приветствовал аудиторию несколькими лестными замечаниями
speech seasoned with irony - речь, сдобренная иронией
the skeleton of a speech - набросок /конспект/ речи
there was a spice of irony in his speech - в его речи звучала ирония /ироническая нотка/
to spiel off an address - толкнуть речь
to tag one's speech with jokes - пересыпать свою речь шутками
tail-end of a speech - заключительная часть речи
a turn of speech - оборот речи
he delivered an unprepared speech - он произнёс речь без подготовки /экспромтом/
he wound up his speech by declaring … - в заключение своей речи он заявил …


TIPS FOR GREAT SPEECHES

1. Preparation. Prepare your speech well. Spend a little time thinking of what you are going to say and the kind of audience you are going to address. Churchill often said that it only took him ten minutes to prepare a two-hour speech, but it took him all of two hours to prepare a ten-minute one.

2. Good Opening and Ending. The first and last sections of your speech are crucial. Give them a little extra thought, perhaps even writing out your opening and closing lines and learning them off. A humorous opening will get your audience's attention right away, eg, "As Henry V111 said to each of his wives in turn, 'I won't keep you very long,'" or "A good speech, they say, should be like a mini-skirt, short enough to be interesting, and long enough to cover the essentials.

3. Body of Speech. Your speech should be structured. Write out the points you want to make in a sequence, one after the other, so that one point leads into the next.

4. Quotes. Pepper your speech with quotes. This will add power to what you say.

5. Humor. Use appropriate humor/joke/funny story to get your audience with you. When you hear them laughing they are paying attention to you and your message.

6. Eye contact. It is very important to maintain eye contact with your audience, panning back and forth across the width of the room so that you appear to be speaking to everyone directly.

7. Notes. Use cue cards with key words and phrases written on them, glancing at them every now and again to remind you of the next point. That way you will be able to maintain the all-important eye contact with your audience. Avoid reading the entire speech from a script.

8. Smile. Be sincere, avoiding over-statement or exaggered flattery if the speech is in praise of someone, and most important, smile.


HOW TO DELIVER A SUPER SPEECH

The big day has come. You're ready to deliver your talk. It's time to look your audience in the eye and tell them all the exciting things you know they are eager to hear. Give your speech! Remember that the audience is on your side. That's the good news. People are giving you their time, and they want you to be good. They'll stay on your side for about 30 seconds. You have about that much time to keep them on your side for the rest of your speech. How do you do that?

1. Look professional. First impressions are hard to overcome. Looking professional adds to your credibility.
2. Act naturally. What an speaker has to do is be personal in public.
3. Don't tell what you can show. Remeber Chuck Norris and Jean-Claude Van Damme. Say the last word in the scene, and don't say anything you don't have to. Audiences don't go to hear what Norris or Van Damme say. They go to see what they do.
4. Choose your emphasis. Examine each word in your speech, looking for the emotion. Every word is not equally important. The audience will get your message based on the inflection and emphasis you place on key words and phrases.
5. Move about if you can. Don't stand still throughout your entire talk. It puts a barrier between you and the audience, and they feel it.
6. Vary your intensity. You're new to speaking, and you're not an actor, but you can add excitement to your talk just the same. Your strength is your energy, but think of a symphony. It has a slow, quiet movement and then builds to a crescendo. The variety makes each element more effective. The enemy of the speaker is sameness. Stand, move, be serious and be funny, talk loudly, talk softly, don't speak in black and white. Speak in Technicolor!


HOW LONG SHOULD A SPEECH BE?

William Gladstone once observed that a speech need not be eternal to be immortal. His point is well taken. The tendency to speak longer than necessary is a stereotypical trait long associated with public speaking.

speaker

Perhaps the most famous example (often held up as a warning) is President William Henry Harrison's Inaugural Address - the longest one ever given. He spoke outdoors for 1 hour and 45 minutes on a cold, rainy day in Washington, D.C. As a result, he caught a cold and died a few weeks later. In contrast, Lincoln's Gettysburg Address - one of the most eloquent speeches of all time - can be recited in about two minutes.

So how long should a speech be? Abraham Lincoln's response was "Like a man's pants - long enough to cover the subject." Here are a few additional guidelines:

Don't feel obligated to fill your entire time slot. Just because you've been given 45 minutes to speak doesn't mean you must speak for 45 minutes. If you can do it in 30 or 35 minutes, by all means do so. But use your common sense. I recently spoke at a conference where another speaker, who was slotted for a one-hour presentation, completed his talk in ten minutes. The conference organizers were less than thrilled.

It's better to be a little too short than a little too long. If you conclude five minutes early, people in the audience will be thrilled. If you conclude five minutes late, they'll be impatient and possibly angry. Your audience members are busy. They have people to see and places to go. They expect you to be done on time. Don't disappoint them.

Twenty minutes is a good length. If you can choose how long you'll speak, pick 20 minutes. It's long enough to cover a lot of information. And it's short enough to do all that before the audience's attention span reaches its outer limit.

TELL STORIES!
Use a story to liven up your presentation!

As communication expert Jim Lukaszewski says, "A picture may be worth a thousand words, but a good story is worth 10,000 pictures."
Most of us are exposed to good stories every day. You see them in a newspaper, hear them on radio or TV, people tell them to you. Write down the stories you like. Collect them. Start a file. Then you will have them available when you need them.
The first time to tell a story should NOT be when you are standing on a podium addressing your audience! You need to know how a story will work. Try stories on your friends and neighbors - anyone who will listen! The story will get better every time. By the time you use the story at the presentation - you will have a polished gem!

Types of stories:

Success stories. Nothing succeeds like success. People like to hear stories about how an idea or action worked out successfully

Personal stories. People are much more interested in personal stories than they are in plain facts! Any time you can add a personal touch, you can get peoples' attention.

Humorous stories. A humorous story amuses your audience while making a point.


WIT CONTEST 2005

hamster

Send in your real life stories!
The best ones will be published to make your name immortal!
post@just-english.ru

OSCAR WILDE'S WIT

Advice. I always pass on good advice. It is the only thing to do with it. It is never of any use to oneself.
Agreeing. When people agree with me. I always feel that I must be wrong.
Belief. I can believe anything as long as it is incredible.
Diaries. I never travel without my diary. One should always have something sensational to read in the train.
Duty. Duty is what one expects from others, it is not what one does oneself.
Enemies. Always forgive your enemies. Nothing annoys them so much.
English Language. We have really everything in common with America nowadays except, of course, language.
Experience and Mistakes. Experience is the name every one gives to their mistakes.
Fame. There is only one thing in the world worse than being talked about, and that is not being talked about.
Fair play. One should always play fairly when one has the winning cards.
Genius. I have nothing to declare except my genius.
Happiness. When we are happy we are always good, but when we are good we are not always happy.
Men/Women. Women represent the triumph of matter over mind, just as men represent the triumph of mind over morals.
Money. When I was young I used to think that money was the most important thing in life. Now that I am old, I know it is.
Parents and Children. Children begin by loving their parents; after a time they judge them; rarely, if ever, do they forgive them.
Principles. A thing is not necessarily true because a man dies for it.
Selfishness. Other people are quite dreadful. The only possible society is oneself
Stupidity. There is no sin except stupidity.
Temptation. I can resist everything except temptation.
Truth. The truth is rarely pure, and never simple.
Time. Time is a waste of money.

LAW QUOTES

The trouble with law is lawyers.

Laws are like sausages. It's better not to see them being made.
Otto von Bismarck

When men are pure, laws are useless; when men are corrupt, laws are broken.
Benjamin Disraeli

Nothing is illegal if a hundred businessmen decide to do it.
Andrew Young

The illegal we do immediately. The unconstitutional takes a little longer.
Henry Kissinger

All the things I really like to do are either illegal, immoral, or fattening.
Alexander Woollcott

There is no better way of exercising the imagination than the study of law.

The quickest way to find something is to start looking for something else.

If there were no bad people, there would be no good lawyers

Young lawyers attend the courts, not because they have business there, but because they have no business anywhere else.

If the facts are against you, argue the law; If the law is against you, argue the facts.

Lawyers and painters can soon change white into black.

God makes wonders now and then; Sometimes a lawyer is an honest man

If you read something that you can't understand, you can almost be sure it was written by a lawyer.

A judge is a law student who marks his own examination papers.
H. L. Mencken

The law, in its majestic equality, forbids the rich as well as the poor to sleep under bridges, to beg in the streets, and to steal bread.
Anatole France

The reason there is so little crime in Germany is that it's against the law.
Alex Levin

The United States is a nation of laws: badly written and randomly enforced.
Frank Zappa

A lawyer starts life giving $500 worth of law for $5 and ends giving $5 worth for $500.
Benjamin H. Brewster

QUOTATION LINKS

Need a quote? Here is a searchable database of over 15,000 quotations, Quotes of the Day, collections of quotations by Author and by Subject, and much more.

Here you'll find a number of funny quotes made by lawyers.

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