Your First Step to Success!!!
Третья всероссийская дистанционная олимпиада
по английскому языку для студентов-гуманитариев
"Great Britain - The Glorious Past and The Challenging Present"
ПРОБНОЕ ЗАДАНИЕ ПЕРВОГО ТУРА
Attention! This was a SAMPLE crossword. The full-size olympiad criss-cross puzzle will contain up to 40 questions!
и ОТВЕТЫ на вопросы кроссворда
You were asked to study the definitions and complete the crossword:
5. Sir Winston Churchill said: “The price of greatness is RESPONSIBILITY.”
7. The only house in England that the Queen may not enter is the Ќouse of COMMONS.
1. Once the site of London's fruit and vegetable market, now a lively area full of street theatres and live music, it is known as COVENT GARDEN.
2. There are many outstanding events in the British history, but this one is a real scandal for a country with such lasting traditions. For 11 years, from 1649 to 1660 it was a REPUBLIC.
3. This document is issued in the name of her Majesty and every British citizen except the Queen possesses it. It is a PASSPORT.
4. When we think of Big Ben in London, we think of the clock. Actually, it's the BELL.
6. In the UK they are often pet-named as Bobbies in the memory of the famous Robert Peel. In fact they are British POLICEMEN.
NB! While looking for the answers to the questions you should take advantage of our page of sources and useful links.
ПРОБНОЕ ЗАДАНИЕ ВТОРОГО ТУРА
и варианты ответов:
Many years ago in England, pub frequenters had a whistle baked into the rim or handle of their ceramic cups. What was this whistle used for and why?
When they needed a refill, they used the whistle to get some service. This was done to save them from shouting to the publican to get them more beer. It has always been very noisy in English pubs!
English social scientist Walter Bagehot noticed "The cure for admiring the English House of Commons is to go and look at it." In your opinion, what made him say this?
First of all it should be noted that Walter Bagehot had great respect towards the House of Commons. He wrote about it: "The House of Commons needs to be impressive, and impressive it is: but its use resides not in its appearance, but in its reality". But of all odd forms of government, the oddest really is government by a public meeting. Here are 658 persons, collected from all parts of England, different in nature, different in interests, different in look and languageЕ It is a body of miscellaneous persons, sometimes few, sometimes many, never the same for an hour; sometimes excited, but mostly dulled and half weary..."
It is thought that the last phrase may be a clue to his other statement "The cure for admiring the English House of Commons is to go and look at it." The members of the House of Commons ARE commoners indeed in the sense that they are mostly ordinary middle class English men and women brought together to represent the wishes and anxieties of their constituents. It is no wonder that the style of their debate might at times be more than lively, less than logical Еand not very ordered! As another critic noted: "Our MPs sometimes look like a bunch of children, arguing over Who has the best bicycle."
In mid-17th century England, the number of offences carrying the death penalty increased enormously, from about 50 to 288. One could be hanged for stealing goods worth 5 shillings (25p), or cutting down a young tree. This series of laws was later called " Bloody Code." Why was the Bloody Code passed?
In the 17th century, the landowning class emerged as supreme rulers of Britain. They based their power on property-ownership, and saw the law's main purpose as protecting property. The crime rate was not high, but there was no police force to curb lawlessness. The Bloody Code was therefore a threat: severe retribution would happen to those thinking of breaking the law by infringing property rights. A great deal was made of hangings. They were held in public and thousands turned out to watch them, especially in London. The intention was clearly to act as a deterrent to others to observe the laws.