Лингвострановедческий
творческий конкурс

"ROYAL ENGLAND"

1 тур

Answer the following questions by choosing the appropriate option.

 1. What is the difference between the United Kingdom and Great Britain?

A) the United Kingdom is part of Great Britain

B) Great Britain is part of the United Kingdom

C) There is no difference between them

 2. A stage through which a bill has to go before it becomes an Act of Parliament is called _______.

A) Speaking

B) Writing

C) Reading

D) Listening

 3. The political system of the United Kingdom is called ___________.

A) An absolute monarchy

B) A republic

C) A democracy

D) A constitutional monarchy

 4. The legend says that if these birds leave, the Tower of London will fall.

A) Crows

B) Pigeons

C) Ravens

D) Sparrows

 5. When was the United Kingdom of Great Britain founded?

A) 1536

B) 1707

C) 1800

 6. Why is Big Ben so called?

A) The Houses of Parliament are shaped in a big “B”.

B) It refers to the big bell in the tower, which is named after Sir Benjamin Hall.

C) It was given as a present by Benjamin Franklin.

 7. The schools in the UK that are really exclusive and expensive are called _______.

A) Public

B) Private

8. What is the name of London's most visited tourist attractions of the 21st century?

A) Nelson’s Nose

B) London Eye

C) Cromwell’s head

 9. The agreement that joined the parliaments of England and Scotland in 1707 as well as the agreement that put an end to the Irish parliament in 1800 and made Ireland part of the UK in 1801 is called __________.

A) The Act of Settlement

B) Dependency Act

C) Habeas Corpus Act

D) The Act of Union

 10. What is 'Stonehenge'?

A) an old castle

B) a prehistoric monument

C) a palace

D) a church

 11. ‘It appears to me, increasingly, all effective power comes from […] № 10 Downing street.’ (Tony Benn) Who traditionally lives at № 10 Downing Street, London?

A) The Queen

B) The Prime Minister

C) The Duke of Edinburgh

D) The Prince of Wales

 12. What's the popular name for the British flag?

A) Queen’s flag

B) Union Jack

C) Tricolor

 13. “Speakers' Corner” in the north-east corner of Hyde Park in London is by tradition an area of speeches. Who is allowed to speak at Speakers' Corner?

A) Only the Prime Minister

B) All members of Parliament

C) Everyone who wants to speak publicly

 14. What is the capital of Northern Ireland?

A) Belfast

B) Cardiff

C) Dublin

D) Edinburgh

 15. On November, 5 Britain celebrates Guy Fawkes Night. Who was Guy Fawkes?

A) A knight who kidnapped the wife of King Arthur

B) A Roman catholic who planned an assassination attempt on King James I

C) A hangman who executed two wives of King Henry VIII

 16. This English politician is mainly remembered for his opposition to the government policy in the late 1960s of allowing people who were not white to come from other countries to live and work in Britain. One of his speeches is known as the ‘rivers of blood’ speech.

A) Lord Tebbitt

B) Attlee Clement

C) Anthony Eden

D) Enoch Powell

 17. The national musical instrument of the Scots is called _______.

A) The pipe

B) The bagpipe

C) The trumpet

D) The flute

 18. Who was the last king of England to have his head cut off?

A) James I     

B) James II

C) Charles I

D) Charles II

 19. When was the institution of Prime Ministers in Britain established?

A) XVII century

B) XVIII century

C) XIX century

D) XX century

 20. Which is Britain's oldest university?

A) Edinburgh

B) The Open University

C) Oxford      

D) Cambridge

21. This Prime Minister used to say to the Cabinet of Ministers: “When I want your opinion, I’ll give it to you!”

A) Winston Churchill

B) Margaret Thatcher

C) John Major

B) Tony Blair

 22. What castle was built by William the Conqueror in 1078?

A) Warwick Castle     

B) The Tower of London

C) Windsor Castle

D) Buckingham Palace

 23. Who is the longest-reigning monarch in British history?

A) King George V        

B) Queen Elizabeth II

C) Queen Victoria      

D) King Edward VIII

 24. What is the name of the county that is called 'the garden of England'?

A) Cornwall

B) Devon

C) Lancashire

D) Kent

 25. The Tories - one of the main parties in the British political system – is nowadays known as _____.

A) the Conservative Party

B) the Labour Party

C) the Liberal Democratic party

 26. One of the most popular very slow and long English summer games, played on a green field by two teams of eleven players each is called _______.

A) Soccer       

B) Lawn tennis

C) Cricket

D) Squash       

 27. The signing of Magna Carta _______ the power of the monarch in the UK.

A) authorized

B) decreased

C) increased

 28. This British right-wing politician is known to have set up the British Union of Fascists.

A) Mosley Oswald      

B) David Lloyd George

C) Sir Geoffrey Howe

D) Benjamin Disraeli

 29. Today the Tower of London is a museum holding the Crown Jewels. What was the building famous for in former centuries?

A) It was the town residence of Henry VIII

B) It was a hospital when England fought against the Spanish Armada

C) It was a prison where Anne Boleyn and others had been executed

 30. One of the most notable figures in the “penny dreadful” literature of Victorian England was Sweeney Todd of Fleet Street, who killed his customers and sold their corpses to a neighbouring pie-maker. What was Todd’s trade?

A) Publican

B) Apothecary

C) Butcher

D) Barber

 31. How many children does Queen Elizabeth II have?

A) Two

B) Three

C) Four

D) Five

 32. This former British colony was once used as a place to send criminals because the prisons in Britain were overcrowded.

A) India

B) Australia

C) New Zealand

D) Malaysia

 33. A British politician in the Conservative party who was Prime Minister during the reigns of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth II is __________.

A) Margaret Thatcher

B) Neville Chamberlain

C) Winston Churchill

D) Tony Blair

 34. The Yeomen Warders of Her Majesty's Royal Palace and Fortress the Tower of London, popularly known as the Beefeaters, are ceremonial guardians of the Tower of London. Where does the name Beefeater originate from?

A) from the old times when the Yeomen Warders at the Tower were paid part of their salary with chunks of beef

B) from their habit of having three meat dishes a day

C) from the French word which meant “strong guard”

 35. In 2012 this town of the United Kingdom will host the Olympic Games.

A) Birmingham

B) London

C) Brighton

 36. If you are hot, it will cool you off. If you are cold, it will warm you up. If you drink it in the middle of the morning, it will stimulate you for further work. If you drink it in the afternoon, it will relax you for further thought. What drink is it?

A) Tea

B) Coffee

C) Wine

D) Ale

 37. Which queen was known as 'Bloody Mary'?

A) Mary I

B) Mary Queen of Scots

C) Mary II

D) Mary IV

38. How long did the Hundred Years' War last?

A) 100 years

B) 112 years

C) 116 years

D) 120 years

 39. The famous Battle of Trafalgar which resulted in the vast defeat of the British fleet and the death of the national hero Admiral Nelson (1805) was fought in  _______.

A) England

B) Spain

C) France

D) Belgium

40. Philip II of Spain sent his much-feared Armada to raid England because ______________.

A) he wanted to demonstrate the power of his invincible fleet

B) he feared a possible plot

C) Elizabeth I rejected his marriage proposal

 41. Encouraging her soldiers to fight bravely against the enemy, Elizabeth I once told her troops, “I know I have the body of a weak and feeble woman, but I have the heart and __________ of a king.”

A) stomach

B) mind

C) liver

D) power

 42. King George III, whose madness became an issue towards the end of his reign once addressed his subjects in the following way: 'My Lords and ___________!'

A) parrots      

B) jackals

C) peacocks

D) unicorns

 43. The rule of Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector of England, Scotland and Ireland so was harsh and unpopular that even _____________ was against the law.

A) Easter

D) Christmas

C) Halloween

44. In the English language there are many phrases which deride the Dutch. This is largely due to the trading rivalry between the English and Dutch in the 17th century. Therefore, a Dutch feast is ____________.

A) a party where the host gets drunk before his guests

B) a massacre

C) a drunken party which finally turns into a  punch-out

D) a funeral

 45. The English weren't too keen on the Spanish either. So to give someone the bum's rush is to expel them from a bar or restaurant by grabbing their collar. This practice is known as  _____________.

A) Spanish welcome

B) Spanish grippe

C) Spanish broom

D) to walk Spanish

46. Pop star Madonna currently resides in Marylebone, London and her country estate in Wiltshire. Being the author of the book “Sex” (1992), which featured her in several sexual situations with both men and women, she has been authoring a series of children’s books since 2003. The title of the series is _____________.

A) “The importance of being modest”

B) “The English Roses”

C) “Mother Goose Rhymes”

 47. In British English the term “pudding”, besides referring to the Christmas pudding or plum pudding we’ve all heard about, is also used in a more general way for something else. What does it mean?

A) Proof or evidence

B) Fringe benefits or perks

C) Dessert in general

D) Big trouble

48. This handsome English actor has made his career playing romantic roles (starring in 2001's "Bridget Jones's Diary" and the 2004 sequel "Bridget Jones: The Edge of Reason") opposite many divine leading ladies. Who is he?

A) Jeremy Irons

B) Hugh Grant

C) Rupert Everett

 49. The name of a soft gourmet cheese produced since 1972 in the South West of England is ____________.

A) Stinking Bishop

B) Gormandizer

C) Gloucestershire skunk     

50. Which eighteenth-century writer declared that “When a man is tired of London, he is tired of life, for there is in London all that life can afford”?

A) Richard Brinsley Sheridan

B) Oliver Goldsmith

C) Samuel Johnson

D) Henry Fielding

 

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